The manner in which an officer conducts police operations may impact the prosecution of offenders. In addition, the professionalism and credibility of officers and agencies is scrutinized and challenged where cases are lost due to a technical failure to follow ever-changing legal principles. Officers and agencies may also face exposure to civil liability.
This course updates officers and supervisors on the foundational legal skills related to the critical legal tasks in law enforcement. Participants will review the legalities associated with different types of street encounters, the current legal framework related to stop-and-frisk situations, the concept of probable cause and arrest and how it differs based on location, and the most recent court decisions on search incident to arrest.
Upon Completion: Participants will be able to:
• Explain the distinctions between consensual contacts, reasonable suspicion-based stops and arrests, and probable cause-based arrests
• Identify what constitutes legal stop-and-frisk in the current framework
• Describe reasonable suspicion as a necessary component of a lawful stop
• Detail the distinctions between arrests in public places and those in autos and residences
• Identify the necessary components and scope of a legal search incident to arrest